How is weft yarn calculated?
If it’s plain weave, twill, or lace weaves, this is usually the same number as warp threads per inch. Then you multiply that number (picks per inch) times the number of inches you‘ll be weaving the piece times the width of the weaving plus about 10% (for example, by 11 inches for something 10 inches wide).
How do you calculate warp and weft?
To calculate the amount of weft, you need to know warp width, the number of picks per inch, and the length of the weaving. I usually add ten percent to that number for weft take-up. (So for an 8″ wide warp woven at 20 picks per inch for 65″: 8″ x 20 x 65″ = 10,400″ divided by 36″/yd = 288 yd plus 10% = 317 yd.
How do you calculate the weight of a woven fabric?
Fabric Weight Calculation in GSM (Woven Fabric)
- Fabric Construction is a term in which some fabric detailing are available such as.
- EPI (Ends per inch –warp)
- PPI (Picks per inch – weft)
- Warp count.
- Weft count.
- fabric width (in inches) .
- Here , EPI = 92.
- So total number of ends = 92×39.37.
What is weft count?
Here, count refers to the yarn count (warp yarn count and weft yarn count) and by construction primarily it means the number of warp yarns and weft yarns used in one inch of fabric. … It means that the number of yarns of 840 yards length required weighing one pound. The higher the count, the finer the yarn is.
How do you count cotton yarn?
The direct system is calculated with the formula N = (W/l) / (L/w). The indirect system uses the formula: N = (L/w) / (W/l). In these formulas, N is the yarn count, W is the weight of a sample of yarn, l is the unit of length, L is the length of the sample, and w is the unit of weight.
What is difference between warp and weft?
Weft and warp are terms that come with knitting. … “Warp” is a series of threads that run from the front to the back, and “weft” is a series of threads that run in a pattern through the warp. Weft is a yarn that runs back and forth whereas a warp is that which run up and down.
What is warp take up?
The difference between the relaxed fabric and the actual warp length used to make it is “take-up.” The difference between the relaxed length and wet-finished length is “shrinkage.” We are not usually able to determine take-up accurately.
How do I calculate the weight of fabric?
Take Ends/Inch and Multiply by Width in inches and 1.10. Divide this quantity by Warp count multiplied by 840. This will give you weight of Warp in pounds of one yard (a). To find the weight of the warp in one meter of fabric in grams multiply (a) by 1.09 and 1000 and divide by 2.2.
How do you read a fabric count?
It is measured by counting the number of threads contained in one square inch of fabric or one square centimetre, including both the length (warp) and width (weft) threads. The thread count is the number of threads counted along two sides (up and across) of the square inch, added together.
What is fabric texture called?
TEXTURE: Is the surface appearance of fabric. … Texture is found in the thickness and appearance of the fabric. Words that describe texture are: Loopy, fuzzy, furry, soft, shiny, dull, bulky, rough, crisp, smooth, sheer,etc. Texture is created by the fiber type, by weaving or knitting process, or by fabric finishes.