Who built Hagia Sophia and San Vitale?
Built by the eastern Roman emperor Justinian I as the Christian cathedral of Constantinople for the state church of the Roman Empire between 532 and 537, the church was then the world’s largest interior space and among the first to employ a fully pendentive dome.
What was Justinian’s nickname?
He is called “Saint Justinian the Emperor” in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Because of his restoration activities, Justinian has sometimes been known as the “Last Roman” in mid-20th century historiography.
Why is San Vitale important?
Church of San Vitale, also called Basilica of San Vitale, church in Ravenna, Italy, that was built in the 6th century and is considered a masterpiece of Byzantine achitecture. … It was dedicated to the martyr Vitalis, the patron saint of Ravenna. At the time, the city was the capital of the Western Roman Empire.
What did most Byzantines believe?
Byzantines believed that their emperor represented Christ on earth. Discuss the connection between the Church and the government in the Byzantine Empire. The Church and state worked closely together in the Byzantine Empire→ Byzantines believed that their emperor represented Christ on Earth.
What was the first mosaic?
The oldest mosaic art has been traced back to a Mesopotamian temple that existed during the third millennium B.C. This art was made with stones, seashells, and ivory. Ancient Greek artists used small pebbles to make their mosaics. Greeks were also instrumental in developing mosaic art into complex patterns.
How many sides does San Vitale have?
San Vitale is a centrally planned octagonal house of worship present in Ravenna, Italy and was constructed in the 6th century but was consecrated in 547 (Harris and Zucker).
What is the San Vitale?
What is the unifying theme of the San Vitale mosaics?
One of the most famous images of political authority from the Middle Ages is the mosaic of the Emperor Justinian and his court in the sanctuary of the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy. A major theme of this mosaic program is the authority of the emperor in the Christian plan of history.