What are the four types of weft knitting?
It is usually knitted with one piece of yarn, and can be made either by hand or using a knitting machine. Weft knitting is the most common form of knitting as it is simpler than warp knitting, the other form of knitting. There are four basic weft knitted fabric structures: interlock, purl, plain, and rib.
What are the characteristic of the basic type of weft knits?
- Stretch crosswise and lengthwise.
- Stretches more in the crosswise.
- Tend to run or ladder if stitch breaks.
- Fabric less stable and curls when cut.
- Special finishes counteract curling and improve stability.
- Highest machine productivity.
Which knitting is faster weft or warp?
Warp knitting represents the fastest method of producing fabric from yarns. Warp knitting differs from weft knitting in that each needle loops its own thread. The needles produce parallel rows of loops simultaneously that are interlocked in a zigzag pattern.
What are the advantages of weft knit fabrics?
WEFT KNITTED FABRIC
It is the most common form of knitting used because of its simplicity. Advantages: Weft knitted fabric is very elastic, stretchable and comfortable to wear. It is warm to wear, i.e. a good insulator. It does not fray easily and is very cost-efficient.
What is the most common weft knit?
Among all types of weft knit fabrics, the single jersey fabric is most popular.
What is another name for weft knitting?
a knitting process in which the yarn is knitted horizontally and in a circular form. Also called filling knitting. Compare warp knitting.
Can warp knitting be done by hand?
Warp knitting requires the use of a machine, it cannot be done by hand. Warp knitting is generally used for knitting fibres such as Aramid, Carbon and glass as it puts less pressure on them and uses more careful handling than weft knitting.
Which direction has the most stretch in a weft knit?
The crosswise loops are called courses. They form a row of loops that run across the fabric. Usually the greatest stretch in a knit fabric is in the crosswise direction. However, it is always important to test or check the stretch in a knit before purchasing.
What is the basic structure of weft?
Four primary base weft knitted structures–plain, rib, interlock and purl–are the base structures from which all weft knitted fabrics and garments are derived. Each is composed of a different combination of face and reverse meshed stitches, knitted on a particular arrangement of needle beds.
How many types of weft knitting are there?
Types of Weft knitting include Jersey, Double Knit, Circular Knitting, Fair Isle and Cable knit. All of these knits are generally produced using a knitting machine as a finer gauge, more delicate fabric can be produced but hand knitting is still used, mainly as a hobby nowadays.
Which needle is used in weft knitting?
10.3. 2 Manufacturing process. The yarn of the warp knitting process is supplied by warp beams. Guide needles provide the yarn to the needles.